Historians had it that ten Bornean Datus headed by Datu Puti, along with their followers, left Borneo to escape persecution by Sultan Makatunaw, a Rajah of the House of Shri-Vijaya and landed in the island of Panay, then ruled by an Ati chieftain, Marikudo. After some haggling, they succeeded in buying the island from the Ati Chieftain for one gold sadok and a gold necklace for his wife. This enabled one of the datus, DatuSumakwel, to establish a permanent settlement in what is now Malandog in the municipality of Hamtic, the name taken after a species of large ants called hantik-hantik, which abounded the place.
Eventually, the settlers occupied the coastal parts of the island while the natives took to the hinterlands. The datus divided the island into political units, called sakop, namely: Hantik (Antique), Aklan and Irong-Irong (Iloilo). DatuPuti, Bangkaya, and Paiburong headed these sakops but the entire island continued to be called Hantic under the supreme command of DatuSumakwel.
Antique was later on officially recognized as a separate political and military province with San Jose de Buenavista as the capital town. The institution of American authority over the island and the restoration of peace and order in Panay led to the formation of a civil governmert on April 13, 1901. During the Japanese Occupation, Mt. Baloy (elevation, 2,080 m), which straddles part of Antique, was the headquarters of the 6th military district under Gen. Macario Peralta. The other two peaks of Panay, Mt. Madia-as (2, 117m elevation) and Mt. Nangtud (1, 900m elevation) are all found in the province of Antique.
Profiled like a seahorse, Antique is an oversized serrated hemline on the western border of the three-cornered scarf-like land mass that is Panay. It lies between the China Sea to the west and tall mountain ranges, 155 km long and 33 km at the widest to the East, separate it from the rest of Panay. Approximately, Antique has a total land area of 2, 522 sq. kms. It is bounded on the North and northeast by Aklan; on the East by Capiz; and on the southwest by Iloilo. On the West is the Cuyo East Pass of the Sulu Sea, part of the vast China Sea.
Eighteen municipalities comprise the province: fourteen along the coast, three inland and one on six islets. The coastal towns are Anini-y, Tobias Fornier, Hamtic, San Jose de Buenavista, Belison, Patnongon, Bugasong, Laua-an, Barbaza, Tibiao, Culasi, Sebaste, Pandan, and Libertad. The inland towns are Sibalom, San Remegio, and Valderrama.
Antique has two distinct climates: dry and wet. From December, the dry months last through May, but intermittent rains may come any month of the year. August is the rainiest month with an average of 23 rainy days. The average rainfall is 142.45 inches; the greatest precipitation is from June to September. The mean average of annual temperature is 82.2 degree Fahrenheit, January being the coldest at an average of 79.2 degree Fahrenheit. The best time to visit the province is during October to May.
Antique has a population of 582,012 as of 2015 census.
October – May
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